Scientific Studies

Back Pain

Nordic walking in the treatment of chronic Low Back pain a randomized clinical trial. For pain. disability, and patient specific function, Nordic Walking showed the greatest average improvement for patients with chronic back pain.
Abstract:  Hartvigsen J et al., 2010


A Nordic Walking group intervention for Breast Cancer Survivors. Results showed after ten weeks patients vitality had improved, whereas perceived shoulder symptoms severity and limitations in daily activities had decreased. Abstract:Fischer MJ et al., 2015

Effects of selected forms of physical activity on body posture in woman post Breast Cancer Treatment. A favorable tendency for the Shallowing of Thoracic Kyphosis and the reduction of lumbar curvature of the spine with balanced postural changes were only identified among the women participating  in the Nordic Walking group. Abstract:  Hanuszkiewicz J et al., 2014

The effects of Walking Poles on shoulder function in Breast Cancer Survivors. The data suggest that using a Walking Pole exercise routine for 8 weeks significantly improved muscular endurance of the upper body, which would clearly be beneficial in helping Breast Cancer Survivors perform activities of daily living and regain an independent lifestyle. Abstract:  Sprod LK et al., 2005


The influence of physical exercise on the parameters of the cardiovascular system of elderly persons. Systematic Nordic Walking exercise had a beneficial effect on the physical performance of elderly persons over a short week program.
Abstract:  Chomiuk et al., 2013

Effects of Nordic Walking training on exercise capacity and fitness in men participating in early, short-term inpatient cardiac rehabilitation after a acute coronary syndrome- a controlled trial. Nordic Walking may improve exercise capacity, lower body endurance and coordination of movements in patients with good exercise tolerance participating in early rehabilitation.
Abstract:  Kocur et al., 2009


Effects of Nordic Walking on cardiovascular risk factors in overweight individuals with type 2 diabetes, impaired or normal glucose tolerance. Exercise capacity improved significantly in all three groups of participants who reported at least 80% compliance with the scheduled exercise. Abstract:  Fritz T et al., 2013

Physical activity in Pregnancy and in breast-feeding period in obese mothers. Considering common recommendations for training , as well as careful measures and contraindications, a moderate individual training to maintain physical and psychic fitness is desirable. Abstract:  Korsten-Reck et al., 2010


Does moderate-high intensity Nordic Walking improve functional capacity and pain in Fibromyalgia? Moderate-to- high intensity aerobic exercise by means of Nordic Walking twice a week for 15 weeks was found to be a feasible mode of exercise , resulting in improved functional capacity and a decreased level of activity limitations. Abstract:  Mannerkorpi K et al., 2014

Knee Joints

Effects of Walking Poles on lower extremity gait mechanics. There were differences in kinetic variables between walking with and without poles. The use of Walking Poles enabled subjects to walk at a faster speed with a reduced vertical ground reaction in the knee extensor angular impulse ans support movement , depending on the poling condition used. Abstract:  Willson J et al., 2001

Mental Health

Physical activity of Depressed Patients and their motivation to exercise: Nordic Walking in family practice. Nordic Walking increased the patients’ physical activity and improved their mood. Abstract:  Suija K et al., 2009

Acute effects of a single bout of moderate exercise on psychological well-being in patients with Affective Disorder during hospital treatment. A self-paced but supervised single Nordic Walking session seems to be effective in improving acute psychological well-being in patients with Affective Disorder. Positive Affective Components of exercise should be addressed in clinical trials focusing on anti-depressive effects and exercise maintenance in patients with Affective Disorders. Abstract:  Stark R et al., 2012

Older Adults

Short and Long term effects of Nordic Pole Walking on balance, functional mobility, muscle strength and aerobic exercise among older people. The study showed that Nordic Walking is a simple, well tolerated and effective physical activity for older people. Abstract:  Virag A et al., 2014

Effects of Nordic Walking compared to conventional walking and band-based resistance exercise on fitness in older adults. While all modes of exercise improved various components of fitness. Nordic Walking provided the best well-rounded benefits by improving upper-body strength, cardiovascular endurance and flexibility. Therefore, Nordic Walking is recommended as an effective and efficient mode of concurrent exercise to improve overall functional fitness in older adults. Abstract:  Takeshima N et al., 2013

Parkinson’s Disease

Nordic Walking improves mobility in Parkinson’s disease. Finding suggest that Nordic Pole Walking could provide a safe, effective and enjoyable way to reduce physical inactivity in Parkinson’s disease and to improve the quality of life. Abstract:  Van Eijkeren et al., 2008

Impact of physical exercise on reaction time in patients with Parkinson’s disease-data from the Berlin Big Study. Supervised physical exercise with Lee Silverman Voice Treatment-Big or Nordic Pole Walking is associated with improvement in cognitive aspects of movement preparation. Abstract:  Ebersbach G et al., 2014

Effects of a flexibility and relaxation programs, walking, and Nordic Walking on Parkinson’s disease. Assessment after completion of the training showed that the pain was reduced in all groups, and balance and health-related quality of life were improved. Nordic Pole Walking was superior to the flexibility and relaxation program and walking in improving postural stability, stride length, gait pattern /variability. Abstract:  Reuter et al., 2011